Any nuclear agreement with Iran must verifiably eliminate every Iranian pathway to a nuclear weapon. The proposed deal fails to do so, and falls short of the five minimum requirements that majorities in Congress have said are necessary for a good deal.

5 Minimum Requirements for a Good Deal:

1

Inspection &
Verification

Minimum Requirement:

Inspectors must be permitted unimpeded access to suspect sites.

Proposed Deal: >>

Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it fails to achieve “anytime, anywhere” inspections and relinquishes deterrence provided by surprise inspections. The procedure for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to determine the need for an inspection could be lengthy, followed by a problematic process to resolve Iranian objections. Inspections could require a 24- day approval process, giving Iran time to remove evidence of violations.

2

Possible Military Dimensions

Minimum Requirement:

Iran must fully explain its prior weaponization efforts.

Proposed Deal: >>

Proposed Deal: Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it is unclear to what extent Iran must come clean on its prior nuclear work, as the IAEA has not made public its information-sharing agreement with Iran. The deal itself does not specify explicit consequences for Iran if the IAEA is unsatisfied.

3

Sanctions

Minimum Requirement:

Sanctions relief must commence only after Iran complies with its commitments.

Proposed Deal: >>

Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it provides near immediate, rather than gradual, sanctions relief—thereby relinquishing leverage on Iran. Once the IAEA verifies Iran’s initial compliance, Iran will receive up to $150 billion. Virtually all economic, financial and energy sanctions would disappear. Iran could then dramatically bolster its support for international terrorism. The deal fails to specify consequences for violations and does not condition sanctions relief on sustained Iranian cooperation with the IAEA. If the U.S. seeks to restore sanctions, the limited “snapback” measures will not affect investments or contracts already reached with Iran.

4

Duration

Minimum Requirement:

Iran's nuclear weapons quest must be blocked for decades.

Proposed Deal: >>

Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it legitimizes Iran’s nuclear program and enables Iran to become a nuclear threshold state. It begins to lift key nuclear restrictions after eight years, and grants Iran virtually instant breakout time after 15 years..

5

Dismantlement

Minimum Requirement:

Iran must dismantle its nuclear infrastructure such that it has no path to a nuclear weapon.

Proposed Deal: >>

Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it leaves almost all of Iran’s extensive nuclear infrastructure intact. It alters Iran’s plans for the Arak heavy water reactor, but requires no dismantlement of any centrifuges or any Iranian nuclear facility.

  • 1

    Inspections &
    Verification

    Minimum Requirement: Inspectors must be permitted unimpeded access to suspect sites.

    Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it fails to achieve “anytime, anywhere” inspections and relinquishes deterrence provided by surprise inspections. The procedure for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to determine the need for an inspection could be lengthy, followed by a problematic process to resolve Iranian objections. Inspections could require a 24- day approval process, giving Iran time to remove evidence of violations.

  • 2

    Possible
    Military
    Dimensions

    Minimum Requirement: Iran must fully explain its prior weaponization efforts.

    Proposed Deal: Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it is unclear to what extent Iran must come clean on its prior nuclear work, as the IAEA has not made public its information-sharing agreement with Iran. The deal itself does not specify explicit consequences for Iran if the IAEA is unsatisfied.

  • 3

    Sanctions

    Minimum Requirement: Sanctions relief must commence only after Iran complies with its commitments.

    Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it provides near immediate, rather than gradual, sanctions relief—thereby relinquishing leverage on Iran. Once the IAEA verifies Iran’s initial compliance, Iran will receive up to $150 billion. Virtually all economic, financial and energy sanctions would disappear. Iran could then dramatically bolster its support for international terrorism. The deal fails to specify consequences for violations and does not condition sanctions relief on sustained Iranian cooperation with the IAEA. If the U.S. seeks to restore sanctions, the limited “snapback” measures will not affect investments or contracts already reached with Iran.

  • 4

    Duration

    Minimum Requirement: Iran’s nuclear weapons quest must be blocked for decades.

    Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it legitimizes Iran’s nuclear program and enables Iran to become a nuclear threshold state. It begins to lift key nuclear restrictions after eight years, and grants Iran virtually instant breakout time after 15 years..

  • 5

    Dismantlement

    Minimum Requirement: Iran must dismantle its nuclear infrastructure such that it has no path to a nuclear weapon.

    Proposed Deal: This deal is dangerous because it leaves almost all of Iran’s extensive nuclear infrastructure intact. It alters Iran’s plans for the Arak heavy water reactor, but requires no dismantlement of any centrifuges or any Iranian nuclear facility.

6 UNACCEPTABLE CONSEQUENCES OF THE CURRENT DEAL:

1

LEGITIMIZE IRAN
AS A NUCLEAR THRESHOLD STATE

With this agreement, the international community would withdraw its objections to Iran’s illicit nuclear activity over the past two decades. Given the restrictions that would be lifted after 15 years, Iran would then have the ability to produce enough fuel for a nuclear bomb within days.

2

RAISE THE PROSPECT OF WAR

Agreeing to this flawed plan of action effectively ends any hope of stopping Iran’s nuclear weapons program through diplomacy. Furthermore, once Iran becomes a nuclear threshold state, there would be no peaceful way to stop Tehran in time should it decide to build a nuclear weapon. The world would then either acquiesce to Iran obtaining a nuclear weapon or resort to force to prevent that outcome. A deal that fails to stop Iran’s nuclear weapons quest would leave the Middle East far less stable, potentially leading to devastating conflict.

3

SPUR A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE

Our Arab allies fear that a nuclear-capable Iran would become the dominant regional force. With Iran closing in on nuclear threshold status, more than a dozen Arab states have expressed new interest in “peaceful” nuclear programs. Such a deal would encourage nuclear proliferation in the world’s most unstable region and would mark the death knell of the global non-proliferation regime and its cornerstone, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

4

INCREASE IRANIAN SUPPORT OF TERRORISM

Iran is already the world’s most active state sponsor of terrorism, providing funds, arms and training to terror groups such as Hamas and Hezbollah. The proposed deal provides Iran quick access to an estimated $150 billion locked in Iranian accounts held abroad. If Tehran gains access to these funds – in addition to new foreign investment and oil revenue – Iran would be able to increase exponentially its support for terrorism around the world.

5

STRENGTHEN THE IRANIAN REGIME

Iran’s ruling clerics hope that an Iranian nuclear weapons capability will further their regional ambitions. Iran already actively foments unrest in Lebanon, Iraq, Gaza, Syria, and Yemen. Bolstered by new funding, international legitimacy, additional arms from a phased out arms embargo, and the capacity to build nuclear weapons in 15 years, Iran would be able to extend its regional influence and imperil U.S. interests.

6

Undermine And
Threaten
Regional Allies

The proposed deal falls short of Washington’s stated goals, calling into question America’s global leadership and its commitment to allies. For more than 25 years, U.S. policy has been to cut off Iran’s path to a nuclear weapon and to pressure Iran to comply with its international obligations. Under the proposed deal, the United States abandons those objectives, severely damaging our credibility throughout the Middle East.

  • 1

    LEGITIMIZE IRAN
    AS A NUCLEAR
    THRESHOLD STATE

    With this agreement, the international community would withdraw its objections to Iran’s illicit nuclear activity over the past two decades. Given the restrictions that would be lifted after 15 years, Iran would then have the ability to produce enough fuel for a nuclear bomb within days.

  • 2

    RAISE THE
    PROSPECT
    OF WAR

    Agreeing to this flawed plan of action effectively ends any hope of stopping Iran’s nuclear weapons program through diplomacy. Furthermore, once Iran becomes a nuclear threshold state, there would be no peaceful way to stop Tehran in time should it decide to build a nuclear weapon. The world would then either acquiesce to Iran obtaining a nuclear weapon or resort to force to prevent that outcome. A deal that fails to stop Iran’s nuclear weapons quest would leave the Middle East far less stable, potentially leading to devastating conflict.

  • 3

    SPUR A NUCLEAR
    ARMS RACE

    Our Arab allies fear that a nuclear-capable Iran would become the dominant regional force. With Iran closing in on nuclear threshold status, more than a dozen Arab states have expressed new interest in “peaceful” nuclear programs. Such a deal would encourage nuclear proliferation in the world’s most unstable region and would mark the death knell of the global non-proliferation regime and its cornerstone, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • 4

    INCREASE
    IRANIAN
    SUPPORT OF
    TERRORISM

    Iran is already the world’s most active state sponsor of terrorism, providing funds, arms and training to terror groups such as Hamas and Hezbollah. The proposed deal provides Iran quick access to an estimated $150 billion locked in Iranian accounts held abroad. If Tehran gains access to these funds – in addition to new foreign investment and oil revenue – Iran would be able to increase exponentially its support for terrorism around the world.

  • 5

    STRENGTHEN THE
    IRANIAN REGIME

    Iran’s ruling clerics hope that an Iranian nuclear weapons capability will further their regional ambitions. Iran already actively foments unrest in Lebanon, Iraq, Gaza, Syria, and Yemen. Bolstered by new funding, international legitimacy, additional arms from a phased out arms embargo, and the capacity to build nuclear weapons in 15 years, Iran would be able to extend its regional influence and imperil U.S. interests.

  • 6

    UNDERMINE AND
    THREATEN
    REGIONAL ALLIES

    The proposed deal falls short of Washington’s stated goals, calling into question America’s global leadership and its commitment to allies. For more than 25 years, U.S. policy has been to cut off Iran’s path to a nuclear weapon and to pressure Iran to comply with its international obligations. Under the proposed deal, the United States abandons those objectives, severely damaging our credibility throughout the Middle East.